Vicki, a natal mom

“Vicki” self-identified white, in her late twenties, with both her children—a toddler and infant—in foster care. She and her husband live in a small city in the northern U.S. Nearly every answer included the phrase “we want are [sic] kids back.” Her responses were...

Sharon, a natal mother

“Sharon” is a successful artist who was in her mid-forties at the time her daughter was taken into CPS. She felt particularly targeted on a few fronts: as a single mother, as a religious minority member, and as someone who doesn’t conform to middle class norms because...

Geri, a natal grandmother

“Geri” is also a natal grandmother who hoped to get custody of her grandchildren. She self-identified as a married Caucasian, in her late 40s or early 50s, working class, living off a joint income of under $50,000 annually, in a prairie state. Like most of the family...

Darlene, a natal grandmother

“Darlene” self-identified as a white, female in her early 60s, whose experience with foster care was in the Midwest. Her two grandchildren were placed in kinship care and foster families. Her family was living on a working class income. Her partner or spouse was...